Electronic Muscle Enhancer, Abdominal AB Exercise Toning, Muscle stimulator, Neuromuscular Stimulation Therapy, EMS: This type of stimulation is characterized by a low volt electric stimulation targeted to stimulate motor nerves to cause a muscle contraction. Contraction/relaxation of muscles has been found to effectively treat a variety of musculoskeletal and vascular conditions. EMS differs from TENS in that it is designed to stimulate muscle motor nerves, while TENS is designed to stimulate sensory nerve endings to help decrease pain. BodyStim, EMS2000, EMS4000, EMS400, EMS179

Most common uses: Prevent or retard disuse atrophy, strengthening programs, reeducate muscles, postop orthopedic surgery, joint replacement, gait training, shoulder subluxation and reduction of muscle spasms.

Electronic Russian Abdominal Muscle Stimulation Enhancer: Russian Muscle stimulation is similar to EMS in that it is designed to Stimulate motor nerves. However, it is set at a frequency of 2500 Hz which allows for deeper muscle penetration and a more complete/stronger contraction of the muscle fibers. BodySTim, EMS2000R, EMS4000R

Most common uses: Muscle Building, Muscle Rehabilitation, Scoliosis Treatment

Electronic Electro-Acupuncture: This type of stimulation is characterized by applying stimulation to specific acupuncture or trigger points on the body in small electrical impulses (milliamp/microamp) through acupuncture needles or with electro-stim hand held cutaneous probes. The frequency of stimulation may vary from 1 to 1,000 Hz. Lower frequencies (1 to 20) are tonifying, whereas, the higher frequencies (ie. greater than 50) are more sedating in nature. Electro-Acupuncture stimulation differs from TENS because TENS uses a higher voltage cutaneous stimulation.